Lesson Two - Greco-Roman Culture and Art
Upon completing the lesson students will be able to:
1. Identify at least two differences between Greek and Roman art.
2. Identify three major reasons art was created/used by the Ancient Greeks and Romans.
One class period (45-60 minutes)
PowerPoint and Notes
Graphic Organizer (fillable PDF)
1. Warm-Up: Teacher will lead class in a quick game of Pictionary. The category will be "Why do people make art? One student at a time will be handed a card with an appropriate answer on it and will be asked to draw that answer and see if the class can guess. Ex: Religious reasons (draw a church, cross), Political reasons (draw voting ballot, voting booth, flag), Money, etc. Teacher will point out that people make art for these same reasons during Ancient Greek and Roman times.
2. The teacher will introduce the main focus of the lesson--Why did the Greeks and Romans make art? What can we learn from Ancient Greek and Roman art? Teacher will hand out the graphic organizer and then begin PowerPoint.
3. Students will be given a quick overview of Greek pots. Various shapes and uses of the pots will be discussed using images of Greek pots from the Hearst Castle collection. Slides will be shown depicting the ancient pot next to a modern day equivalent of the pot to help students trace the legacy of the collection.
4. The use of art as a tool to enforce gender roles will be discussed using images from the Greek pots.
5. The teacher will then use the next set of slides to discuss Roman art and its main features and uses. The emphasis will be on art as a way to reinforce civic duty and as a tool to unify an enormous and diverse empire.
Students will be shown a series of slides and will be asked to determine whether it is Greek or Roman in origin.
The final set of slides will illustrate the legacy of Ancient Greek and Roman art. Items shown in the slides will be more modern art pieces that reflect Anceint Greek and Roman traditions and styles.